The purpose of a pre-trial conference in a criminal prosecution is first and foremost to let the court know how the case is progressing.
There are time tables, set by statute, that require a criminal prosecution to be completed in a timely manner. While there are exceptions to these time tables, the court is required to try and resolve every case within the allotted period of time. In addition, a court calendar can quickly become bogged down if cases do not move through the system in an efficient manner. Therefore, the judge presiding over your case wants a “progress report” from both sides letting the court know where things stand.
In addition, a pre-trial conference can be used for a variety of other purposes, including:
- Review of bond if you remain in custody.
- Filing or making motions relating to your case, such as a motion to suppress evidence
- Requesting a continuance of an upcoming trial date if you are not prepared to proceed to trial yet.
- Discussing trial issues such as proposed jury instructions filed with the court
Your attorney may also take the opportunity to discuss the possibility of entering into a plea agreement with the prosecutor if you are interested and the option has not been discussed before that point in time.
It is during the pretrial conference period that discovery or evidentiary issues are addressed with the court. The state hands over its evidence (“discovery”) to the defense. Both sides may file pretrial motions asking the judge to admit or keep out (“suppress”) certain evidence and subpoena witnesses in Florida. Meanwhile, both sides can be negotiating with each other to hammer out a plea bargain in an attempt to avoid going to trial.
The pretrial phase may last anywhere from a few weeks to several years depending on the complexity of the matter.
If you have specific questions about what is likely to happen at your upcoming pre-trial conference, be sure to consult with your Florida criminal defense attorney at Powers Sellers & Finkelstein, PLC. Call (727) 531-2926 for a free case evaluation.